One of the more fascinating histories of Victorian jewelry is that of jet. Jet is a fossilized driftwood, smooth and lightweight with an intense black color, that can be found in the seaside cliffs of Whitby, England.
The most prolific patron of this sought-after “gemstone” was Queen Victoria. In an era that called for heavy and voluminous clothing, jet’s lightweight characteristics made it the perfect choice for large, eye-catching jewelry pieces that could be worn comfortably.
When Prince Albert died in 1861, Queen Victoria took to wearing carved jet in remembrance of her lost love, making it the unspoken practice for all to accessorize their black mourning fashions with jet jewelry.